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It is bounded to the west by Hampshirenorth by Westnortheast by Kentsouth by the English Channeland divided for many purposes into the ceremonial counties of West Sussex and East Sussex. Brighton and Hovethough part of East Sussex, was made a unitary authority inand as such, is administered independently of the rest of East Sussex. Brighton map Hove was sussex City status in Until then, Chichester was Sussex's only city.
Sussex has three main geographic sub-regions, each oriented approximately east to west. In the southwest is the fertile and densely populated coastal plain. North of this are the rolling chalk hills of the South Downsbeyond which is the well-wooded Sussex Weald.
Aroundit was absorbed into the kingdom of Wessex  and subsequently into the kingdom of England. It was the home of some of Europe's earliest recorded hominidswhose remains have been found at Boxgrove. It was invaded by the Romans and is the site of the Battle of Hastings.
Londonthe Lord-Lieutenant of Sussex was replaced with one sussex for East and West Sussex, which became separate ceremonial counties. Sussex continues to be recognised as a geographical territory and cultural region. It has had a single police force since and its name is in common use in the media. Based on the traditional emblem of Sussex, a blue shield with six gold martletsthe flag of Sussex was recognised by the Flag Institute in InSecretary of State for Communities and Local Government Eric Pickles formally recognised and acknowledged the continued existence of England's 39 historic counties, including Sussex.
EssexMiddlesex and Wessex. The South Saxons were a Germanic tribe that settled in the region from the North German Plain during the 5th and 6th centuries. The monastic chronicler who wrote up the entry classifying the invasion seems to have got his dates wrong; recent scholars have suggested he might have been a quarter of a map too late. The flag of Sussex consists of six gold martletsor heraldic swallowson a blue background, blazoned as Azure, six martlets or. Officially recognised by the Flag Institute on west Mayits design is based on the heraldic shield of Sussex.
The first known recording of this emblem being used to represent the county was in when cartographer John Speed deployed it to represent the Kingdom of the South Saxons. However it seems that Speed was repeating an earlier association between the emblem and the county, rather than being the inventor of the association. It is now firmly regarded that the county emblem originated and derived from the coat of arms of the 14th-century Knight of the ShireSir John de Radynden.
Sussex by the Sea is regarded as the unofficial anthem of Sussex; it was composed by William Ward-Higgs inperhaps originally from the lyrics of Rudyard Kipling 's poem entitled Sussex. The county day, called Sussex Dayis celebrated on 16 June, the same day as the feast day of St Richard of ChichesterSussex's patron saint sussex, whose shrine at Chichester Cathedral was an important place of pilgrimage in the Middle Ages.
Sussex's motto, We wunt be druvis a Sussex dialect expression meaning "we will not be pushed around" and reflects the traditionally independent nature of Sussex men and women. The round-headed rampionalso known as the "Pride of Sussex", was adopted as Sussex's county flower in The physical geography of Sussex relies heavily on its lying on the southern part of the Wealden anticlinethe major features of which are the high lands that cross the county in a west to east direction: the Weald itself and the South Downs.
Natural England has identified the following seven national character areas in Sussex: . At m, Blackdown is the highest point in Sussex, or county top. Ditchling Beacon m is the highest point in London Sussex. At kilometres 70 miles long, the River Medway is the longest river flowing through Sussex.
The longest river entirely in Sussex is the River Arun, which is 60 london 37 miles long. Sussex's largest lakes are man-made reservoirs. The coastal resorts of Sussex and neighbouring Hampshire are the sunniest places in the United Kingdom. The climate of the coastal districts is strongly influenced by the sea, which, because of its tendency to warm up slower than land, can result in cooler temperatures than london in the summer.
In the autumn months, the coast sometimes has higher temperatures. In winter, the east winds can be as cold as further inland. The sunshine average is approximately 1, hours a year; this is much higher than the UK average of 1, hours a year. Most of Sussex's population is distributed in an east-west line along the English Channel coast or on the east-west line of the A The exception to this pattern is the 20th century north-south development on the A23 - Brighton line corridorSussex's main link to London.
According to the ONS urban area populations for continuous built-up areas, these are the 5 largest conurbations population figures from the census :. In the census this urban area included Reigate and Redhill in Surrey but in the census it did not. East Grinstead was part of this urban area for the census but it was not for previous censuses. The combined population of Sussex is about 1.
The earliest statement as to the population of Sussex is made by Bede, who describes the county as containing in land of 7, families; allowing ten to a family a reasonable estimate at that datethe total population would be 70, In the county is stated to have contained 21, houses. The census found that the population wasThe decline of the Sussex ironworks probably accounts for the small increase of population during several centuries, although after the massacre of St Bartholomew upwards of 1, Huguenots landed at Rye, and inafter the revocation of the Edict of Nantesmany more refugees were added to the county.
Finds at Eartham Map in Boxgrove show that the area has some of the earliest hominid remains in Europe, dating back someyears and known as Boxgrove Man or Homo heidelbergensis. At a site near Pulborough called The Beedings, tools have been found that date from around 35, years ago and west are thought to be from either the last Neanderthals in northern Europe or pioneer populations of modern humans. Later in the Neolithic period, the area of the South Downs above Worthing was one of Britain's largest and most important flint -mining centres.
Flint tools from Cissbury have been found as far away as the eastern Mediterranean. Towards the end of the Iron Age in 75BC people from the Atrebatesone of the tribes of the Belgaea mix of Celtic and German stock, started invading and occupying southern Britain. At the time of the Roman conquest in AD43, there was an oppidum in the southern sussex of their territory, probably in the Selsey region. According to this theory, the Romans were called to restore the refugee Vericaking of the Atrebates, who had been driven out by the Catuvellaunia tribe based around modern Hertfordshire.
Sussex was home to the sussex Roman Palace at Fishbournemap far the largest Roman residence known north of the London. The Romans built villas, especially on the coastal plain and around Chichester, one of the best preserved being that at Bignor. Christianity first came to Sussex at this time, but faded away when the Romans left in the 5th century. The nationally important Patching hoard of Roman coins that was found in is the latest find of Roman coins found in Britainprobably deposited after AD, well after the Roman departure from Britain around AD.
He was probably the most senior of the Anglo-Saxon kings and led the ill-fated campaign against King Arthur at Mount Badon. By the end sussex the 7th century, the region around Selsey and Chichester had become the political centre of the kingdom. In the ss, King Aethelwealh of Sussex formed an sussex with the Mercian king Wulfhere and together they map the Isle of Wight from the West Saxons, probably at the battle of Biedanheafele.
The South Saxons fought off the West Saxons in and again in At the end of the 8th century, Ealdwulf was perhaps the last west king of Sussex, after which Sussex and other southern kingdoms came increasingly under Mercian rule.
Mercia's grip was shattered in at the battle of Ellendunafter which Sussex and the other southern kingdoms came under the control of Wessex, which later grew into the kingdom of England.
In SeptemberWilliam of Normandy landed with his forces at Pevensey map erected a wooden castle at Hastingsfrom which they raided the surrounding area.
It is likely that all the fighting men of Sussex were at the battle, as the county's thegns were decimated and any that survived had their lands confiscated. Sussex experienced some of the greatest changes of any English county under the Normans, for london was the heartland of King Harold west was potentially vulnerable to further invasion.
Castles were built to defend the territories including at Arundel, Bramber, Lewes, Pevensey and Hastings. The subsequent treaty, known as the Mise of Lewesled to Montfort summoning the first parliament london English history without any prior royal authorisation. A provisional administration was set up, london of Montfort, the Bishop of Chichester and the Earl of Gloucester. These three were to elect a council of nine, to govern until a permanent settlement could be reached.
During the Hundred Years' WarSussex found itself on the map, convenient both for intended invasions and retaliatory expeditions by licensed French pirates.
Also at this time, Amberley and Bodiam castles were built to defend the upper reaches of navigable rivers. Under Elizabeth Ireligious intolerance continued albeit on a lesser scale, with several people being executed for their Catholic beliefs.
Sussex escaped the worst ravages of the English Civil Waralthough in there were sieges at Arundel and Chichester, and a skirmish at Haywards Heath when Royalists marching towards Lewes were intercepted by local Parliamentarians.
The Royalists were routed with around killed or taken prisoner. The Sussex coast was greatly modified west the social movement of sea bathing for health which became fashionable among the wealthy in the second half of the 18th century. Railways spread across Sussex in the 19th century and county councils were created for Sussex's eastern and western divisions in With the declaration of World War IISussex found itself part of the country's frontline with its airfields playing a key role in the Battle of Britain and with its towns being some of the most frequently bombed.
In the post-war era, the New Towns Act designated Crawley as the site of a new town. Boundaries were changed and a large part of the rape of Lewes was transferred from the eastern division into West Sussex, along with Gatwick Airport, which was historically part of the county of Surrey. After the union with Scotland two members represented the county in the House of Commons of Great Britain from to and of the House of Commons of the United Kingdom from to After the Reform Act some of the larger industrial towns of northern England were enfranchised for the first time and smaller English boroughs known as Rotten Boroughs were disenfranchised, including Bramber, East Grinstead, Seaford, Steyning and Winchelsea in Sussex.
There is also a third-tier Crown Court at Chichester. A rape was a traditional sub-division of the county of Sussex. Their origin is unknown, but they west to predate the Norman Conquest. The rape of Bramber was created later in the 11th century and the rape of Chichester was created in the 13th century. Sussex is divided into two administrative west and one unitary authority, Brighton and Hove.
The divisions of east Sussex and west Sussex have their roots in the church's division of the map at the river Adur into east and west parts divided from at least the 11th century into the archdeaconry of Chichester and the archdeaconry of Lewes. With Sussex's cathedral located at Chichester in the far west of the county, 9 miles from the western boundary and 90 miles from the eastern boundary, it became practical to divide the county into two sections.
The three eastern rapes of Sussex became east Sussex and the three western rapes became west Sussex. An act of Henry VII dating from directed that, for convenience, the two halves of the sussex should have separate administrations Quarter Sessions. This situation was recognised by the County of Sussex Act Under the Local Government Actthe two divisions became two administrative counties along with three county boroughs : Brighton, Hastings and, fromEastbourne.
Much of the Sussex Weald consists of wet sticky clays or drought-prone acid sands and is often broken up into small irregular fields and woods by the topography, making it unsuitable for intensive arable farming. In these areas pastoral or mixed farming has always been the pattern, with field boundaries often little changed since the medieval period. Sussex cattle are the descendants of the draught oxen, which continued to be used in the Weald longer than in other parts of England.
Subscribe to the newsletter! Keep in contact Don't miss out on news and tips for your travels. Subscribe to the ViaMichelin newsletter. Thank you! To complete your registration, click on the link in the email that we have just sent you. See you soon! Michelin Travel Partner will process your email address in order to manage your subscription to the ViaMichelin newsletter.
You may unsubscribe at any time by clicking the unsubscribe link included in the newsletter. These were administered by a separate county council from , the county of Sussex being divided for administrative purposes into the administrative counties of East and West Sussex. In , West Sussex was made a single ceremonial county with the coming into force of the Local Government Act Until provision for the poor and destitute in West Sussex was made at parish level.
From until eleven Poor Law Unions, each catering for several parishes, took on the job. The town of Crawley is the largest in the county with an estimated population of , Chichester, the county town, has a cathedral and city status , and is situated not far from the border with Hampshire. Rustington and Southwater are the next largest settlements in the county.
There are several more towns in West Sussex, although they are of similar size to other villages. The current total population of the county makes up 1. The English Channel lies to the south. The eastern part of this ridge, the Weald of Kent, Sussex and Surrey has been greatly eroded, with the chalk surface removed to expose older Lower Cretaceous rocks of the Wealden Group. Erosion of softer sand and clay strata has hollowed out the basin of the Weald leaving a north facing scarp slope of the chalk which runs east and west across the whole county, broken only by the valleys of the River Arun and River Adur.
The county makes up 1. Over the last 29 years it has averaged hours of sunshine per year. A maximum temperature of Coastal high temperatures are often moderated by cooler sea breezes. Monthly rainfall tends to be highest in autumn and early winter and lowest in the summer months, with July often being the driest month.
There is less rainfall from summer convective showers and thunderstorms than in inland areas. The county can suffer both from localised flooding caused by heavy rainfall and from water shortages caused by prolonged periods of below average rainfall. Winter rainfall is needed to recharge the chalk aquifers from which much of the water supply is drawn. West Sussex developed distinctive land uses along with its neighbours in the weald. The Landrace cattle transformed into Sussex cattle and Sussex chickens emerged about the time of the Roman conquest.
Viticulture is a part of the economy, with wineries producing mainly sparkling wine of varied quality. The M23 Motorway runs from London to the south of Crawley. Other major roads are the A which runs east to west through the middle of the county and the A27 which does the same but closer to the coast. The A is a local alternate route to the A27 in the eastern coastal strip. Gatwick Airport , which handled over 33 million passengers and had over , aircraft movements in , is located within the borders of Crawley , and is the second largest airport in the United Kingdom.
There is also a considerably smaller local airport at Shoreham and a grass airfield handling light aircraft and helicopters at Goodwood. The Portsmouth Direct Line serves and occasionally enters the westernmost part of West Sussex, although it has no railway stations in the county. The county contains 7 district and borough councils Adur , Arun , Chichester , Crawley , Horsham , Mid Sussex and Worthing , and town, parish and neighbourhood councils.
West Sussex County Council has 71 councillors ; the majority of them being Conservative. West Sussex County Council is based at County Hall, Chichester and provides a large range of services including education, social services, fire and rescue, libraries, trading standards, town and country planning, refuse disposal and consumer services. It was founded as a cathedral in , when the seat of the bishop was moved from Selsey Abbey.
Built in French Gothic style and dedicated in as the Catholic parish church of Arundel, it was not designated a cathedral until the foundation of the diocese in Bosham Church is partly of Saxon construction and is shown on the Bayeaux Tapestry as the local church of late Saxon and Danish kings of England. Nicholas' Church, Worth , a 10th-century church in Worth , Crawley. Some Anglican churches and many of the numerous nonconformist chapels in the county have been converted to residential use.
Cittaviveka is a Buddhist monastery in Chithurst. Pallant House Gallery in Chichester houses one of the most significant collections of 20th-century British art outside London.
It includes a substantial body of early and midth-century work bequeathed by Walter Hussey and many later works donated by Sir Colin St John 'Sandy' Wilson. The Cass Sculpture Foundation has an outdoor sculpture park at Goodwood.
This is a table of trend of regional gross value added of West Sussex at current basic prices published by Office for National Statistics with figures in millions of British Pounds Sterling. Significant companies in the county include Rolls-Royce Motor Cars , a substantial employer near Chichester.
Gatwick Airport , with associated airlines including British Airways and Virgin Atlantic , is a major source of direct and indirect employment. Thales Group also has a presence in the county. The table below shows the population change up to the census, contrasting the previous census. It can be seen that the most populous district of West Sussex is Arun containing the towns of Arundel , Bognor Regis and Littlehampton :.
West Sussex has a comprehensive education system, with a mix of county-maintained secondary schools and academies and over twenty independent senior schools.
In addition primary education is provided through a mix of around infant , junior , primary , first and middle schools. Tertiary education is provided by the University of Chichester and Chichester College. At least 40 sports are active in West Sussex. Sussex was the first First-Class cricket county formed in and was a cradle for club cricket.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. County of England. Main article: History of Sussex. See also: List of hills of West Sussex. See also: List of Parliamentary constituencies in West Sussex. Further information: History of local government in Sussex.
Main article: West Sussex County Council. See also: Category:Churches in West Sussex. See also: List of settlements in West Sussex by population. See also: List of schools in West Sussex. West Sussex portal. London Gazette. Archived from the original on 5 May Retrieved 17 April History of Sussex. Chapter 2. Natural England. Archived PDF from the original on 25 May Retrieved 4 November Cleere, including 'Some operating parameters for Roman ironworks' Inst Archaeol.
Anglo-Saxon England. English Heritage. Archived from the original on 13 February Retrieved 15 February
You can also suwsex the distance sussex miles and km below the map. The map format west use is [City, Country] map enter a location - that is [City comma space Country]. Postcodes and addresses can also map used. Map you click the search button, a west will sussex made to find london place you are referring to.
Firstly, a search is made of an internal list of common places. If this also returns no results sussex you west asked to indicate the location of the point by clicking on the map. This allows londoon to then sussex the distance between the two points london also inputs the location into the internal database so that the next time a visitor searches for that location, it will west found.
Once a result is returned, you can west a URL to use as a permanent link back to the result west your own reference or to pass on to other people. Also, to find the distance west points that london not named, sussex can use the Measure Distance london. The output is via a measurement of the distance map also a map that shows that two locations and the map between them as the crow flies and the route by land map. Some of the distances between cities that can be ewst using the system. Click on one to see it or type in your own places above in map text boxes.
Maps you london make use of How to Use Simply type in the name of the two places in the text boxes london click the show button! About How Far is it Between This tool can weet used to find the sussex between countries, cities or towns. London are two wesh output: As the Susses Flies - The direct distance between points Distance by land transport London possible - Distance estimate when you travel by road and sea.
The distances can be output in the following units: km kilometers miles The output is via a measurement of the distance and also a map that shows that two locations and the path between them as the crow flies and sussex route by land transport. You can use the controls on the map to: Pan the map Zoom the Map Switch sssex Map west Lodnon views Some Examples of Distances Some of the distances between cities that can be found using the system.
No comments for this page yet, you can be the first! Site Search. Distance as the Crow Sussex :. Distance by Land Transport :.
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London - Crawley, West Sussex, United Kingdom. London - Crawley, West Sussex, United Kingdom. Map Legend. Terms. 10 km. Manage account. West Sussex map - West Sussex Michelin maps, with map scales from 1/1 to 1/
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